The only peak higher than 5000 m in Iran is Damavand with 5,610 meters (18,406 ft) altitude in center of Alborz range, 70 km from Tehran. Mount Damavand is the result of volcanic activities at the beginning of the quaternary geologic time (Pleistocene stage).
Mt. Damavand, like many volcanic mountains has a conic shape which is similar to Fujiyama in Japan.
Although Damavand is an inactive volcano but still produces Sulphur Dioxide. Basically, this means Damavand is going thorough the last stage before completely turning into a silent volcano. However, warm mineral springs, absence of extensive glaciers and frequent earthquakes in every few years, proves there is still a long way to go. Being visible from far distances, makes this isolated, high altitude conic shape volcano spectacular amongst other high mountains in the region.
Damavand region is one of the most beautiful natural surroundings with fields full of wild poppy and purple lily in springs and long grass plots in green moderate summers. Along with hard winters the summit and slopes are always covered by snow.
In Iran’s history, Damavand has always been a symbol of pride and resistance.